Everyone feels a little sad or down every now and then for one reason or another. Depression is a continued feeling of sadness that can lead to psychological and physical side effects. If the feeling of sadness overtakes your life and impacts your daily activities, you might suffer from depression. Depression can be treated with medication and therapy or proven treatments such as TMS. Diagnosing depression is the first step, and treating the condition so that you can return back to a happy and worthwhile life is the second.
There are various types of depression you can suffer, including the following:
- Major depressive disorder (major depression)
- Persistent depressive disorder
- Bipolar disorder
- Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
- Psychotic depression
- Peripartum depression
- Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)
- Situational depression
- Atypical depression
The experienced and trusted team from BasePoint Psychiatry & Wellness discusses these types of depression and more about your mental health in today’s blog post.
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Major Depressive Disorder (Major Depression)
One of the most common types of depression is Major Depressive Disorder. Patients diagnosed with this type of depression often suffer from depression symptoms most of the time most days of the week. The symptoms of depression include the following:
- Weight gain or loss
- Loss of interest in what brings you pleasure
- Feeling guilty or worthless
- Feeling sleepy during the day or trouble falling asleep at night
- Having thoughts of suicide
- Trouble making decisions or concentrating
- Feeling sluggish, agitated, or restless
Diagnosis of major depression often comes when the patient has five or more of these symptoms on most days for two or more weeks at a time. At least one symptom present to obtain a diagnosis must be a loss of interest in an activity or a depressed mood. If you have a major depressive disorder and have not responded well to talk therapy and medication, TMS treatment may be a great option for you.
Persistent Depressive Disorder
If you have suffered from depression for more than two years, it is known as Persistent Depressive Disorder. Symptoms of this type of depression include:
- Fatigue or lack of energy
- Overeating or not eating enough
- Low self-esteem
- Sleeping too little or too much
- Feeling hopeless
- Trouble concentrating and making decisions
Treatment for persistent depressive disorder includes medication, psychotherapy, or a combination of the two.
Bipolar disorder is also sometimes referred to as manic depression. This is when a person experiences moods that range from very high to very low. When a person is in a low period, he or she will suffer symptoms of major depression. Medications, such as mood stabilizers, can be used to help with mood swings.
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
Seasonal Affective Disorder is a form of major depression that occurs most often during the winter. The winter months feature gray days with little sunlight due to the time change. This form of depression often goes away in the spring and summer seasons. Patients with Seasonal Affective Disorder can treat it with light therapy, where they sit in front of a special lightbox for 15 to 30 minutes per day and can take antidepressants.
Those who suffer from psychotic depression have symptoms of major depression on top of psychotic symptoms, which include the following:
Doctors might prescribe a combination of antipsychotic and antidepressant drugs to treat this type of depression.
Peripartum (Postpartum) Depression
Women who suffer from major depression in the months following giving birth might be suffering from peripartum (postpartum) depression. It is possible that antidepressants could be prescribed to help treat these depression types.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) occurs when a woman suffers from symptoms of depression at the beginning of their period. On top of feeling like you are depressed, you might also experience the following symptoms:
- Mood swings
- Change in sleep habits
- Change in eating habits
- Trouble concentrating
- Feeling overwhelmed
PMDD can be treated using oral contraceptives or antidepressants.
Situational depression is not a technical term used in the psychiatric or mental health industry. However, it relates to the depression you might experience when you struggle to manage a stressful event in your life. These situations include the death of a loved one, the birth of a child, losing your job, or going through a divorce. Psychotherapy is often used to help people work through a stressful event in their life.
This type of depression is described as not having the typical symptoms identified when diagnosed with the other types of depressive disorders we have discussed. It’s even possible that just a positive event in your life can provide temporary relief when you suffer from atypical depression. Symptoms of atypical depression include the following:
- Sleeping more than usual
- An increase in your appetite
- Being overly sensitive to criticism
- Having a heavy feeling in your legs and arms
It is possible that antidepressants can help your situation when diagnosed with atypical depression. A type of drug that your doctor could prescribe includes the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). Another medication that can be prescribed is the monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI), which has been used for quite some time to treat atypical depression.
How Do I Know Which Type of Depression I Have?
For starters, you should seek medical care from a trusted doctor if you have exhibited any of the depression symptoms, especially loss of interest, in this post. Postpartum depression, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, psychotic depression, and mood disorder are all serious mental health issues that should never be ignored. When visiting a doctor, be sure to provide him or her with the following information about your mental health:
- The symptoms you have experienced
- When you first noticed the symptoms
- How the symptoms have impacted your daily life
- A list of other mental health issues
- Information about mental health history in your family
- A list of the over-the-counter and/or prescription medication you take
Having this discussion with your doctor can be very uncomfortable. However, it is vital that you tell the doctor everything possible about postpartum depression, mood disorder, major depressive disorder, and all other types of depression you have experienced. The more information you provide your doctor, the better they will be able to diagnose your mental illness so you can receive the treatment you require. Getting the treatment you need can help you return to the daily life you once knew and help prevent unnecessary weight gain. Mental illness is a serious problem that should never be ignored. Your low mood, poor self-esteem, and other symptoms may require psychotherapy to treat.
If you believe that someone you know is in immediate danger of hurting themselves or someone else, take the following steps:
Remain with the person until emergency responders arrive
Remove any weapons or anything that can be used as a weapon, from the vicinity of the person
Do not yell, judge, argue, or threaten the person
Listen to what they have to say
If you or someone you know is considering suicide or has thoughts of death, call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-8255 to speak with someone at any time of the day or night.
Seek Help for Depression at BasePoint Psychiatry & Wellness Today
Suffering from any form of depression is challenging. You will find it difficult to live a normal life, go to work, go to school, and enjoy spending time with your family and friends. Don’t let depression symptoms take control of your life. Seek treatment for depression at BasePoint Psychiatry & Wellness today.